Hillsborough

Preface

April 15th, 1989. A day that started like any other and would end with no one in the city of Liverpool being able to forget it. A day that would so thoroughly affect an entire city that its events still resonate to this day. One that is defined by one simple word. One that could invoke so much heartache, anger and pain.

Hillsborough.

It used to be a town in South Yorkshire. A steel town. The home of Sheffield Wednesday and Sheffield United football clubs. Another mundane football stadium in another mundane football town—not anymore.

Off to see Liverpool FC and Nottingham Forest contest a FA Cup Semi-Final match, those in stands and watching on TV would be faced with unspeakable tragedy. Ninety-Six fans weren’t coming home. Unbeknown to those that left their houses that morning; this day would radically alter their state of being for the rest of their lives. That is, if they were lucky enough to make it through.

Men, women, children, fathers, mothers, daughters, sons.

Ninety-six flames snuffed out. Over seven hundred injured. More than three hundred hospitalized–and for what? Police incompetence? Mistakes by the stewards? Disorganization?

Panic

Delays on the roadway caused an influx of fans arriving late to the match. A scramble to get into the ground ensued before kick-off. An exit is opened to allow the fans in and avoid injuries at the turnstiles. More and more people were packed into the already overcrowded central pens with no one around to cut off the flow of bodies, no police, no stewards. No one knew what was going on. Those already inside were now pressed up against the security fences by the sheer weight of those entering behind them.

There were screams, cries, pleas for help. Fans tried climbing the fences, Scrambling to get away. Oxygen draining, dying on their feet.

The scenes from the Leppings Lane End should never have happened. No one should be faced with such tragedy. Not on a fun day out. Not at a sporting event. Not anywhere.

Not like this.

Response

Fearing a pitch invasion, the police standing by the railings were preventing people from getting out, pushing them back into the stand; doing nothing to help. By the time the referee had stopped the match, it was apparent that a large number of people were injured or worse.

By this point, the fence had collapsed under the tremendous force of those pressed against it. Instead of assisting those in need, the police were now more concerned with creating a security barrier on the halfway line. With people dying in front of them, their main priority was to keep opposing fans from fighting.

Fighting–at a time like this.

Ripping down advertising boards to create makeshift stretchers, the fans attempted to help those in need. Even though many were not equipped with the necessary skills to make a true difference, they did everything they could.

44 ambulances arrived at the ground only be turned back by the police blockade. One solitary ambulance was allowed to assist. Only 14 of the 96 who lost their lives that day were admitted to a hospital.

Those watching the match on television were faced with scenes of panic, confusion and utter chaos–a true sense of hopelessness. For those with relatives and friends in the stands that day, the grief would be too much, hoping beyond all hope that they would see their loved ones again.

Media

Following the disaster, what was reported in the papers continues to enrage to this day. Under a bold byline emblazoned with “The Truth” incendiary, erroneous accusations were leveled by The Sun and its editor Kelvin MacKenzie.

Fans picking the pockets of the victims.

Urinating on the Police.

Beating up health care workers who were administering CPR.

All sources, all evidence, all fingers pointed back to the South Yorkshire Police and the lies they had perpetuated to cover their own grave mistakes. Dave Duckenfield, the Chief Superintendant in charge that day later admitted that he lied about the causes of the disaster.

Not only the Sun, but many other papers ran this version of events. Ticketless fans busting into the ground, killing their own. Uncontrollable yobs, hyped up and drink and fanaticism.

Even today, more than 20 years on, there are those spreading misinformation and blatant lies. Steven Cohen, host of the Word Soccer Daily radio show, is one of the vilest offenders. Fabricating and perpetuating media lies from the 80’s, he has placed the blame solely on 6 to 8 thousand ticket-less fans who have been proved beyond a doubt never existed.

Nothing could be farther from “The Truth”.

Aftermath

In the wake of the tragedy, the city of Liverpool was united beyond tribal lines. Such trivial things as football rivalries meant nothing at a time like this. Former Liverpool player and then manager Kenny Dalglish sent representatives from the squad to each and every funeral, attending many himself. Anfield was opened up for the public to grieve. The story goes that the first commemoration to be laid on the Kop was a blue and white scarf of cross town adversaries Everton.

There wasn’t a person in town that was not affected in some way by the tragic events of April 15th, 1989. They were all Liverpudlians after all.

A number of organizations have been set up to educate and help the bereaved cope with their tragic losses.

An inquiry into the causes of the disaster, The Taylor Report, would change the way stadiums, police and stewards operated in England. Though the changes that were brought about were  a direct result of this inquiry, there has been no justice for those that lost their lives on that fateful day.

Independent Panel (September 12, 2012)

After a successful online petition campaign, an independent panel was ordered to review more than 450,000 documents related to the Hillsborough tragedy. Most of the documents had never been seen before. The findings of the panel brought to light what most in Liverpool had known all along: Liverpool fans were not at fault for the deaths of the 96. A website has been established for the panel HERE. You may also read the report in its in entirety by downloading the PDF file Hillsborough Independent Panel Report.

 

John Alfred Anderson (62) Colin Mark Ashcroft (19)
James Gary Aspinall (18) Kester Roger Marcus Ball (16)
Gerard Bernard Patrick Baron (67) Simon Bell (17)
Barry Sidney Bennett (26) David John Benson (22)
David William Birtle (22) Tony Bland (22)
Paul David Brady (21) Andrew Mark Brookes (26)
Carl Brown (18) David Steven Brown (25)
Henry Thomas Burke (47) Peter Andrew Burkett (24)
Paul William Carlile (19) Raymond Thomas Chapman (50)
Gary Christopher Church (19) Joseph Clark (29)
Joseph Clark (29) Gary Collins (22)
Stephen Paul Copoc (20) Tracey Elizabeth Cox (23)
James Philip Delaney (19) Christopher Barry Devonside (18)
Christopher Edwards (29) Vincent Michael Fitzsimmons (34)
Thomas Steven Fox (21) Jon-Paul Gilhooley (10)
Barry Glover (27) Ian Thomas Glover (20)
Derrick George Godwin (24) Roy Harry Hamilton (34)
Philip Hammond (14) Eric Hankin (33)
Gary Harrison (27) Stephen Francis Harrison (31)
Peter Andrew Harrison (15) David Hawley (39)
David Hawley (39) Paul Anthony Hewitson (26)
Carl Darren Hewitt (17) Nicholas Michael Hewitt (16)
Sarah Louise Hicks (19) Victoria Jane Hicks (15)
Gordon Rodney Horn (20) Arthur Horrocks (41)
Thomas Howard (39) Thomas Anthony Howard (14)
Eric George Hughes (42) Alan Johnston (29)
Christine Anne Jones (27) Gary Philip Jones (18)
Richard Jones (25) Nicholas Peter Joynes (27)
Anthony Peter Kelly (29) Michael David Kelly (38)
Carl David Lewis (18) David William Mather (19)
Brian Christopher Mathews (38) Francis Joseph McAllister (27)
John McBrien (18) Marian McCabe (21)
Joseph Daniel McCarthy (21) Peter McDonnell (21)
Peter McDonnell (21) Keith McGrath (17)
Paul Brian Murray (14) Lee Nicol (14)
Stephen Francis O’Neill (17) Jonathon Owens (18)
William Roy Pemberton (23) Carl William Rimmer (21)
David George Rimmer (38) Graham John Roberts (24)
Steven Joseph Robinson (17) Henry Charles Rogers (17)
Colin Andrew Hugh William Sefton (23) Inger Shah (38)
Paula Ann Smith (26) Adam Edward Spearritt (14)
Philip John Steele (15) David Leonard Thomas (23)
Patrik John Thompson (35) Patrik John Thompson (35)
Patrik John Thompson (35) Peter Francis Tootle (21)
Christopher James Traynor (26) Martin Kevin Traynor (16)
Kevin Tyrrell (15) Colin Wafer (19)
Ian David Whelan (19) Martin Kenneth Wild (29)
Kevin Daniel Williams (15) Graham John Wright (17)

 

 

“Beside the Hillsborough flame
I heard a Kopite mourning
Why so many taken on that day?
Justice has never been done
But their memory will carry on
There’ll be glory round the Fields of Anfield Road

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